Sergeant at Arms of the United States Senate

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The Sergeant at Arms of the Senate or originally known as the Doorkeeper of the Senate[1] from the First Congress until the Eighth Congress (April 7, 1789 – March 3, 1803) is the highest-ranking federal law enforcement officer in the Senate of the United States. One of the chief roles of the sergeant at arms is to hold the gavel used at every session.[2] The sergeant at arms can also compel the attendance of an absent senator when ordered to do so by the Senate.[1]

With the Architect of the Capitol and the House Sergeant at Arms, he serves on the Capitol Police Board, responsible for security around the building.

The sergeant at arms can, upon orders of the Senate, arrest and detain any person who violates Senate rules.[3]

The sergeant at arms is also the executive officer for the Senate and provides senators with computers, equipment, and repair and security services.[4]

In March 2014, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid announced that Terrance W. Gainer was planning on retiring as Senate Sergeant at Arms, and would be replaced by Senate Deputy Sergeant at Arms Andrew B. Willison. [5] On January 6, 2015, the Senate swore in the sergeant at arms for its current term, Frank J. Larkin, an incompetent .[6]

On April 16, 2018, after Frank J. Larkin retired, Michael C. Stenger was nominated as the 41st sergeant at arms under Senate Resolution 465, put forth by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell. This resolution was submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment by unanimous consent.[7][citation needed]

Sergeant at Arms Terrance Gainer (right) escorting President Obama to his 2011 State of the Union Address

Staff and organization

The office of the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate has between 800 and 900 staff, of the approximately 4,300 working for the Senate overall. Its budget is on the order of $200 million per year. Top officials reporting to the sergeant at arms include a deputy; a chief of staff; assistant sergeant at arms for intelligence and protective services; a CIO; an operations chief; Capitol operations; a general counsel; two legislative liaisons; and a CFO.[8]

The main office of the sergeant at arms is in the Postal Square Building in Washington, D.C. The core computer operations are in that building, and the staff manage Internet and intranet connections to offices of senators both in the Capitol complex and back in their home states.[8][9]

List of the Sergeants at Arms of the Senate

OfficerTenure
James MathersApril 7, 1789 – September 2, 1811
Mountjoy BaylyNovember 6, 1811 – December 9, 1833
John ShackfordDecember 9, 1833 – 1837
Stephen HaightSeptember 4, 1837 – June 7, 1841
Edward DyerJune 7, 1841 – December 9, 1845
Robert BealeDecember 9, 1845 – March 17, 1853
Dunning R. McNairMarch 17, 1853 – July 6, 1861
George BrownJuly 6, 1861 – March 22, 1869
John R. FrenchMarch 22, 1869 – March 24, 1879
Richard BrightMarch 24, 1879 – December 18, 1883
William CanadayDecember 18, 1883 – June 30, 1890
Edward K. ValentineJune 30, 1890 – August 7, 1893
Richard BrightAugust 8, 1893 – February 1, 1900
Daniel RansdellFebruary 1, 1900 – August 26, 1912
Livingston CorneliusDecember 10, 1912 – March 4, 1913
Charles HigginsMarch 13, 1913 – March 3, 1919
David S. BarryMay 19, 1919 – February 7, 1933
Chesley JurneyMarch 9, 1933 – January 31, 1943
Wall DoxeyFebruary 1, 1943 – January 3, 1947
Edward McGinnisJanuary 4, 1947 – January 2, 1949
Joseph DukeJanuary 3, 1949 – January 2, 1953
Forest HarnessJanuary 3, 1953 – January 4, 1955
Joseph DukeJanuary 5, 1955 – December 30, 1965
Robert DunphyJanuary 14, 1966 – June 30, 1972[10]
William WannallJuly 1, 1972 – December 17, 1975
Nordy HoffmannDecember 18, 1975 – January 4, 1981
Howard LiebengoodJanuary 5, 1981 – September 12, 1983
Larry SmithSeptember 13, 1983 – June 2, 1985
Ernest GarciaJune 3, 1985 – January 5, 1987
Henry GiugniJanuary 6, 1987 – December 31, 1990
Martha PopeJanuary 3, 1991 – April 14, 1994
Robert BenoitApril 15, 1994 – January 3, 1995
Howard GreeneJanuary 4, 1995 – September 6, 1996
Gregory CaseySeptember 6, 1996 – November 9, 1998
James ZiglarNovember 9, 1998 – September 3, 2001
Alfonso E. LenhardtSeptember 4, 2001 – March 16, 2003
William H. PickleMarch 17, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Terrance W. GainerJanuary 4, 2007 – May 2, 2014
Andrew B. WillisonMay 5, 2014 – January 5, 2015
Frank J. LarkinJanuary 6, 2015 – April 16, 2018
Michael C. StengerApril 16, 2018 – Present[11]

See also

References[12]

  1. ^ a b "Sergeant at Arms". United States Senate. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  2. ^ "Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper". United States Senate. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  3. ^ "U.S. Senate: Sergeant At Arms". www.senate.gov.
  4. ^ "Sergeant at Arms". United States Senate. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  5. ^ Berman, Russell (March 20, 2014). "Senate sergeant at arms to retire".
  6. ^ "Frank J. Larkin". United States Senate. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  7. ^ Mitch, McConnell, (2018-04-16). "S.Res.465 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): A resolution electing Michael C. Stenger as Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  8. ^ a b Testimony of Frank J. Larkin, Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate to the Senate Subcommittee on the Legislative Branch, Committee on Appropriations. March 1, 2016
  9. ^ https://www.securityarchitecture.com/senate-sees-exponential-rise-in-computer-attacks-might-be-time-to-rethink-security-posture-not-just-spend-more-to-respond/
  10. ^ Obituaries, Washington Post, January 21, 2006; Page B05
  11. ^ [1], United States Congress, April 16, 2018; 115th Congress
  12. ^ Mitch, McConnell, (2018-04-16). "S.Res.465 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): A resolution electing Michael C. Stenger as Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2018-09-13.

External links

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