List of areas in the United States National Park System

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The National Park System of the United States is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service. The collection includes all national parks and most national monuments, as well as several other types of protected areas of the United States.

As of October 2018, there are 418 units of the National Park System. However, this number is somewhat misleading. For example, Denali National Park and Preserve is counted as two units, since the same name applies to a national park and an adjacent national preserve. Yet Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve is counted as one unit, despite its double designation. Counting methodology is rooted in the language of a park's enabling legislation. Elsewhere, Fort Moultrie is not counted as a unit because it is considered a feature of Fort Sumter National Monument.

In addition to areas of the National Park System, the National Park Service also provides technical and financial assistance to several affiliated areas authorized by Congress. Affiliated areas are marked on the lists below.

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), which contains nearly 79,000 entries, is administered by the National Park Service. All historically significant park units are automatically included on the NRHP—i.e., all national historical parks and historic sites, national battlefields and military parks, and national memorials, as well as some national monuments.

National Park System units are found in all 50 states, in Washington, D.C., and in the U.S. territories of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.

Nearly all units managed by the National Park Service participate in the National Park Passport Stamps program.

National parks

Existing national parks

There are 60 officially designated national parks in the United States and its dependent areas.[1]

Joshua Tree National Park
Dry Tortugas National Park
Shenandoah National Park
Badlands National Park
NameLocationYear establishedArea (2017)[2]
Acadia National ParkMaine191949,057.26 acres (198.5277 km2)
National Park of American SamoaAmerican Samoa19888,256.67 acres (33.4136 km2)
Arches National ParkUtah197176,678.98 acres (310.3088 km2)
Badlands National ParkSouth Dakota1978242,755.94 acres (982.3984 km2)
Big Bend National ParkTexas1944801,163.21 acres (3,242.1925 km2)
Biscayne National ParkFlorida1980172,971.11 acres (699.9892 km2)
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National ParkColorado199930,780.76 acres (124.5653 km2)
Bryce Canyon National ParkUtah192835,835.08 acres (145.0194 km2)
Canyonlands National ParkUtah1964337,597.83 acres (1,366.2099 km2)
Capitol Reef National ParkUtah1971241,904.50 acres (978.9528 km2)
Carlsbad Caverns National ParkNew Mexico193046,766.45 acres (189.2571 km2)
Channel Islands National ParkCalifornia1980249,561.00 acres (1,009.9375 km2)
Congaree National ParkSouth Carolina200326,539.22 acres (107.4004 km2)
Crater Lake National ParkOregon1902183,224.05 acres (741.4814 km2)
Cuyahoga Valley National ParkOhio200032,572.24 acres (131.8152 km2)
Death Valley National ParkCalifornia, Nevada19943,373,063.14 acres (13,650.3022 km2)
Denali National ParkAlaska19174,740,911.16 acres (19,185.7868 km2)
Dry Tortugas National ParkFlorida199264,701.22 acres (261.8365 km2)
Everglades National ParkFlorida19471,508,934.25 acres (6,106.4403 km2)
Gates of the Arctic National ParkAlaska19807,523,897.45 acres (30,448.1327 km2)
Gateway Arch National ParkMissouri2018192.83 acres (0.7804 km2)
Glacier National Park (part of Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park)Montana19101,013,125.99 acres (4,099.9754 km2)
Glacier Bay National ParkAlaska19803,223,383.43 acres (13,044.5699 km2)
Grand Canyon National ParkArizona19191,201,647.03 acres (4,862.8930 km2)
Grand Teton National ParkWyoming1929310,044.22 acres (1,254.7044 km2)
Great Basin National ParkNevada198677,180.00 acres (312.3364 km2)
Great Sand Dunes National ParkColorado2004107,341.87 acres (434.3971 km2)
Great Smoky Mountains National ParkNorth Carolina, Tennessee1934522,426.88 acres (2,114.1866 km2)
Guadalupe Mountains National ParkTexas196686,367.10 acres (349.5153 km2)
Haleakalā National ParkHawaii191633,264.62 acres (134.6171 km2)
Hawaii Volcanoes National ParkHawaii1916323,431.38 acres (1,308.8804 km2)
Hot Springs National ParkArkansas19215,548.01 acres (22.4520 km2)
Isle Royale National ParkMichigan1940571,790.30 acres (2,313.9532 km2)
Joshua Tree National ParkCalifornia1994790,635.74 acres (3,199.5893 km2)
Katmai National ParkAlaska19803,674,529.33 acres (14,870.2926 km2)
Kenai Fjords National ParkAlaska1980669,650.05 acres (2,709.9776 km2)
Kings Canyon National ParkCalifornia1940461,901.20 acres (1,869.2478 km2)
Kobuk Valley National ParkAlaska19801,750,716.16 acres (7,084.8969 km2)
Lake Clark National ParkAlaska19802,619,816.49 acres (10,602.0212 km2)
Lassen Volcanic National ParkCalifornia1916106,589.02 acres (431.3505 km2)
Mammoth Cave National ParkKentucky194154,011.91 acres (218.5784 km2)
Mesa Verde National ParkColorado190652,485.17 acres (212.3999 km2)
Mount Rainier National ParkWashington1899236,381.64 acres (956.6026 km2)
North Cascades National ParkWashington1968504,780.94 acres (2,042.7760 km2)
Olympic National ParkWashington1938922,649.41 acres (3,733.8297 km2)
Petrified Forest National ParkArizona1962221,390.21 acres (895.9344 km2)
Pinnacles National ParkCalifornia201326,685.73 acres (107.9933 km2)
Redwood National and State ParksCalifornia1968138,999.37 acres (562.5105 km2)
Rocky Mountain National ParkColorado1915265,795.20 acres (1,075.6350 km2)
Saguaro National ParkArizona199491,715.72 acres (371.1604 km2)
Sequoia National ParkCalifornia1890404,062.63 acres (1,635.1834 km2)
Shenandoah National ParkVirginia1935199,217.77 acres (806.2057 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt National ParkNorth Dakota197870,446.89 acres (285.0884 km2)
Virgin Islands National ParkU.S. Virgin Islands195614,940.00 acres (60.4600 km2)
Voyageurs National ParkMinnesota1975218,200.15 acres (883.0247 km2)
Wind Cave National ParkSouth Dakota190333,970.84 acres (137.4751 km2)
Wrangell-St. Elias National ParkAlaska19808,323,146.48 acres (33,682.5788 km2)
Yellowstone National ParkIdaho, Montana, Wyoming18722,219,790.71 acres (8,983.1743 km2)
Yosemite National ParkCalifornia1890761,747.50 acres (3,082.6828 km2)
Zion National ParkUtah1919147,237.02 acres (595.8471 km2)

Disbanded national parks

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Abraham Lincoln National ParkJuly 17, 1916August 11, 1939Redesignated as Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park
Fort McHenry National ParkMarch 3, 1925August 11, 1939Redesignated under the unique designation of Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine
General Grant National ParkOctober 1, 1890March 4, 1940Incorporated into Kings Canyon National Park
Hawaii National ParkAugust 1, 1916September 13, 1960Divided into Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Haleakala National Park
Mackinac National ParkApril 15, 1875March 2, 1895Transferred to Michigan; now operated as Mackinac Island State Park
Platt National ParkJune 29, 1906March 17, 1976Redesignated as Chickasaw National Recreation Area
Sullys Hill National ParkApril 27, 1904March 3, 1931Transferred to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; now operated as Sullys Hill National Game Preserve

National monuments

Devils Tower National Monument
Statue of Liberty National Monument
Natural Bridges National Monument
Bandelier National Monument

As of 2018, there are 130 national monuments, 89 of which are administered by the NPS and are listed below. The remaining 40 monuments are administered by five other federal agencies. Two, Grand Canyon-Parashant and Craters of the Moon National Monuments, are jointly administered by the NPS and the Bureau of Land Management, and World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument is joint with the Fish and Wildlife Service.

NameLocationArea[2]
African Burial Ground National MonumentNew York0.35 acres (0.0014 km2)
Agate Fossil Beds National MonumentNebraska3,057.87 acres (12.3748 km2)
Alibates Flint Quarries National MonumentTexas1,370.97 acres (5.5481 km2)
Aniakchak National Monument and PreserveAlaska137,176 acres (555.13 km2)
Aztec Ruins National MonumentNew Mexico318.4 acres (1.289 km2)
Bandelier National MonumentNew Mexico33,676.67 acres (136.2846 km2)
Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National MonumentDistrict of Columbia0.34 acres (0.0014 km2)
Birmingham Civil Rights National MonumentAlabama18.25 acres (0.0739 km2)
Booker T. Washington National MonumentVirginia239.01 acres (0.9672 km2)
Buck Island Reef National MonumentU.S. Virgin Islands19,015.47 acres (76.9529 km2)
Cabrillo National MonumentCalifornia159.94 acres (0.6473 km2)
Camp Nelson National MonumentKentucky525 acres (2.12 km2)
Canyon de Chelly National MonumentArizona83,840 acres (339.3 km2)
Cape Krusenstern National Monument and Archeological DistrictAlaska649,124.53 acres (2,626.9138 km2)
Capulin Volcano National MonumentNew Mexico792.84 acres (3.2085 km2)
Casa Grande Ruins National MonumentArizona472.5 acres (1.912 km2)
Castillo de San Marcos National MonumentFlorida19.38 acres (0.0784 km2)
Castle Clinton National MonumentNew York1 acre (0.0040 km2)
Castle Mountains National MonumentCalifornia20,920 acres (84.7 km2)
Cedar Breaks National MonumentUtah6,154.6 acres (24.907 km2)
César E. Chávez National MonumentCalifornia116.56 acres (0.4717 km2)
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National MonumentOhio59.66 acres (0.2414 km2)
Chiricahua National MonumentArizona11,984.73 acres (48.5005 km2)
Colorado National MonumentColorado20,536.39 acres (83.1078 km2)
Craters of the Moon National Monument and PreserveIdaho53,571.05 acres (216.7943 km2)
Devils Postpile National MonumentCalifornia798.46 acres (3.2313 km2)
Devils Tower National MonumentWyoming1,346.91 acres (5.4508 km2)
Dinosaur National MonumentUtah, Colorado210,283.31 acres (850.9864 km2)
Effigy Mounds National MonumentIowa2,526.39 acres (10.2239 km2)
El Malpais National MonumentNew Mexico114,313.87 acres (462.6118 km2)
El Morro National MonumentNew Mexico1,278.72 acres (5.1748 km2)
Florissant Fossil Beds National MonumentColorado5,998.09 acres (24.2734 km2)
Fort Frederica National MonumentGeorgia284.49 acres (1.1513 km2)
Fort Matanzas National MonumentFlorida300.11 acres (1.2145 km2)
Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic ShrineMaryland43.26 acres (0.1751 km2)
Fort Monroe National MonumentVirginia325.2 acres (1.316 km2)
Fort Pulaski National MonumentGeorgia5,623.1 acres (22.756 km2)
Fort Stanwix National MonumentNew York15.52 acres (0.0628 km2)
Fort Sumter National MonumentSouth Carolina234.74 acres (0.9500 km2)
Fort Union National MonumentNew Mexico720.6 acres (2.916 km2)
Fossil Butte National MonumentWyoming8,198 acres (33.18 km2)
Freedom Riders National MonumentAlabama7.83 acres (0.0317 km2)
George Washington Birthplace National MonumentVirginia661.73 acres (2.6779 km2)
George Washington Carver National MonumentMissouri210 acres (0.85 km2)
Gila Cliff Dwellings National MonumentNew Mexico533.13 acres (2.1575 km2)
Governors Island National MonumentNew York22.78 acres (0.0922 km2)
Grand Canyon-Parashant National MonumentArizonaNPS manages 208,453 acres (843.58 km2) of 1,048,325 acres (4,242.42 km2)
Grand Portage National MonumentMinnesota709.97 acres (2.8731 km2)
Hagerman Fossil Beds National MonumentIdaho4,351.15 acres (17.6085 km2)
Hohokam Pima National MonumentArizona1,690 acres (6.8 km2)
Homestead National Monument of AmericaNebraska211.09 acres (0.8543 km2)
Honouliuli National MonumentHawaii123 acres (0.50 km2)
Hovenweep National MonumentColorado, Utah784.93 acres (3.1765 km2)
Jewel Cave National MonumentSouth Dakota1,273.51 acres (5.1537 km2)
John Day Fossil Beds National MonumentOregon14,062.02 acres (56.9070 km2)
Katahdin Woods and Waters National MonumentMaine87,500 acres (354 km2)
Lava Beds National MonumentCalifornia46,692.42 acres (188.9575 km2)
Little Bighorn Battlefield National MonumentMontana765.34 acres (3.0972 km2)
Montezuma Castle National MonumentArizona1,015.52 acres (4.1097 km2)
Muir Woods National MonumentCalifornia553.55 acres (2.2401 km2)
Natural Bridges National MonumentUtah7,636.49 acres (30.9038 km2)
Navajo National MonumentArizona360 acres (1.5 km2)
Ocmulgee National MonumentGeorgia701.54 acres (2.8390 km2)
Oregon Caves National Monument and PreserveOregon4,487.98 acres (18.1622 km2)
Organ Pipe Cactus National MonumentArizona330,688.86 acres (1,338.2503 km2)
Petroglyph National MonumentNew Mexico7,209.3 acres (29.175 km2)
Pipe Spring National MonumentArizona40 acres (0.16 km2)
Pipestone National MonumentMinnesota281.78 acres (1.1403 km2)
Poverty Point National MonumentLouisiana910.85 acres (3.6861 km2)
Pullman National MonumentIllinois300 acres (1.2 km2)
Rainbow Bridge National MonumentUtah160 acres (0.65 km2)
Reconstruction Era National MonumentSouth Carolina64.99 acres (0.2630 km2)
Russell Cave National MonumentAlabama310.45 acres (1.2563 km2)
Salinas Pueblo Missions National MonumentNew Mexico1,071.42 acres (4.3359 km2)
Scotts Bluff National MonumentNebraska3,004.81 acres (12.1600 km2)
Statue of Liberty National MonumentNew York, New Jersey60.86 acres (0.2463 km2)
Stonewall National MonumentNew York7.7 acres (0.031 km2)
Sunset Crater Volcano National MonumentArizona3,040 acres (12.3 km2)
Timpanogos Cave National MonumentUtah250 acres (1.0 km2)
Tonto National MonumentArizona1,120 acres (4.5 km2)
Tule Springs Fossil Beds National MonumentNevada22,650 acres (91.7 km2)
Tuzigoot National MonumentArizona811.89 acres (3.2856 km2)
Virgin Islands Coral Reef National MonumentU.S. Virgin Islands12,708.07 acres (51.4277 km2)
Waco Mammoth National MonumentTexas5 acres (0.020 km2)
Walnut Canyon National MonumentArizona3,529.26 acres (14.2824 km2)
White Sands National MonumentNew Mexico143,733.25 acres (581.6678 km2)
World War II Valor in the Pacific National MonumentHawaii, California, Alaska59.03 acres (0.2389 km2)
Wupatki National MonumentArizona35,422.13 acres (143.3483 km2)
Yucca House National MonumentColorado33.87 acres (0.1371 km2)

Former national monuments

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Grand Canyon National MonumentDecember 22, 1932January 3, 1975Abolished; lands transferred with Marble Canyon National Monument into an expansion of Grand Canyon National Park.[3][4][5][6]
Papago Saguaro National MonumentJanuary 31, 1914April 7, 1930Transferred to Arizona; now jointly operated by the cities of Phoenix and Tempe
Lewis and Clark Cavern National MonumentMay 11, 1908August 24, 1937Transferred to Montana; now operated as a state park
Father Millet Cross National MonumentAugust 10, 1933September 7, 1949Transferred to New York upon the closing of the adjacent military base; now operated part of Fort Niagara State Park
First State National MonumentMarch 25, 2013December 19, 2014Incorporated into First State National Historical Park
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National MonumentMarch 25, 2013December 19, 2014The National Park Service areas of this monument were incorporated into Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park, and the National Park Service no longer recognizes their portions of the national monument as distinct from the national historical park. The remaining portions of Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument continue to be operated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Wheeler National MonumentDecember 7, 1908August 3, 1950Returned to United States Forest Service
Holy Cross National MonumentMay 11, 1929August 3, 1950Returned to United States Forest Service
Jackson Hole National Monument1943September 14, 1950Merged into Grand Teton National Park
Shoshone Cavern National MonumentSeptember 21, 1909May 17, 1954Transferred to Cody, Wyoming as a municipal attraction, and later returned to the Bureau of Land Management
Old Kasaan National MonumentOctober 25, 1916July 26, 1955Transferred to United States Forest Service
Castle Pinckney National MonumentAugust 10, 1933March 29, 1956Transferred to South Carolina, and later sold to the Sons of Confederate Veterans; site currently inaccessible and unmaintained
Verendrye National MonumentJune 29, 1917July 30, 1956Transferred to North Dakota after the construction of the Garrison Dam; site currently flooded by the reservoir Lake Sakakawea
Fossil Cycad National MonumentOctober 21, 1922August 1, 1956Transferred to Bureau of Land Management because of severe vandalism to the site
Ackia Battlefield National MonumentAugust 27, 1935August 10, 1961Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway
Meriwether Lewis National MonumentFebruary 6, 1925August 10, 1961Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway
Petrified Forest National MonumentDecember 8, 1906December 9, 1962Incorporated into Petrified Forest National Park
Lehman Caves National MonumentJune 10, 1933October 27, 1986Incorporated into Great Basin National Park[7]
Mound City Group National MonumentJanuary 1, 1918January 2, 1992Incorporated into Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
Minidoka Internment National MonumentJanuary 17, 2001May 8, 2008Redesignated as Minidoka National Historic Site
Pinnacles National MonumentJanuary 16, 1908January 10, 2013Redesignated as Pinnacles National Park[8]
Andrew Johnson National MonumentApril 27, 1942December 11, 1963Redesignated as Andrew Johnson National Historic Site[9]
Edison Laboratory National MonumentJuly 14, 1956September 5, 1962Combined with Edison Home National Historic Site into Edison National Historic Site, later redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park

National preserves

There are 21 national preserves in the United States. Ten are distinct stand-alone official units of the National Park System, while nine others are merely areas of distinct management policies and land-use restrictions within a larger "national park and preserve" or "national monument and preserve" that are counted as two units of the National Park System by the National Park Service. Two others are areas of distinct management policies and land-use restrictions within a larger park (Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve and Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve) but by statute are counted by the National Park Service as single units of the National Park System.

NameLocationArea (2017)
Aniakchak National Monument and PreserveAlaska464,117.93 acres (1,878.2186 km2)
Bering Land Bridge National PreserveAlaska2,697,391.01 acres (10,915.9541 km2)
Big Cypress National PreserveFlorida720,564.01 acres (2,916.0191 km2)
Big Thicket National PreserveTexas113,121.96 acres (457.7883 km2)
Craters of the Moon National Monument and PreserveIdaho698,939.69 acres (2,828.5086 km2)
Denali National Park and PreserveAlaska1,334,117.80 acres (5,398.9832 km2)
Gates of the Arctic National Park and PreserveAlaska948,608.07 acres (3,838.8807 km2)
Glacier Bay National Park and PreserveAlaska58,406.00 acres (236.3607 km2)
Great Sand Dunes National Park and PreserveColorado41,686.00 acres (168.6973 km2)
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and PreserveLouisiana22,420.86 acres (90.7340 km2)
Katmai National Park and PreserveAlaska418,698.80 acres (1,694.4139 km2)
Lake Clark National Park and PreserveAlaska1,410,293.68 acres (5,707.2560 km2)
Little River Canyon National PreserveAlabama15,288.58 acres (61.8707 km2)
Mojave National PreserveCalifornia1,545,685.49 acres (6,255.1673 km2)
Noatak National PreserveAlaska6,587,071.39 acres (26,656.9322 km2)
Oregon Caves National Monument and PreserveOregon4,554.03 acres (18.4295 km2)
Tallgrass Prairie National PreserveKansas10,882.67 acres (44.0406 km2)
Timucuan Ecological and Historic PreserveFlorida46,262.67 acres (187.2184 km2)
Valles Caldera National PreserveNew Mexico89,766.09 acres (363.2705 km2)
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and PreserveAlaska4,852,644.52 acres (19,637.9556 km2)
Yukon-Charley Rivers National PreserveAlaska2,526,512.44 acres (10,224.4331 km2)

National historical parks

The bell tower atop Independence Hall, formerly home to the Liberty Bell (Independence National Historical Park)
Laboratory building at Thomas Edison National Historical Park
Keweenaw National Historical Park

There are 52 national historical parks.

NameLocationArea (2017)
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical ParkKentucky344.50 acres (1.3941 km2)
Adams National Historical ParkMassachusetts23.82 acres (0.0964 km2)
Appomattox Court House National Historical ParkVirginia1,774.60 acres (7.1816 km2)
Blackstone River Valley National Historical ParkRhode Island, Massachusetts1,489.00 acres (6.0258 km2)
Boston National Historical ParkMassachusetts43.82 acres (0.1773 km2)
Cane River Creole National Historical ParkLouisiana205.50 acres (0.8316 km2)
Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical ParkVirginia3,706.39 acres (14.9992 km2)
Chaco Culture National Historical ParkNew Mexico33,960.19 acres (137.4320 km2)
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical ParkDistrict of Columbia, Maryland, West Virginia19,612.37 acres (79.3684 km2)
Colonial National Historical Park[10]
  • Cape Henry Memorial
  • The Colonial Parkway
  • Green Spring Plantation
  • Most of Jamestown Island
  • Swann's Point (Across the James River from Jamestown Island)
  • Tyandall's Point Park (Across the York River from Yorktown)
  • Yorktown Battlefield
Virginia8,676.91 acres (35.1142 km2)
Cumberland Gap National Historical ParkKentucky, Tennessee, Virginia24,546.83 acres (99.3375 km2)
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical ParkOhio110.52 acres (0.4473 km2)
First State National Historical ParkDelaware, Pennsylvania1,155.04 acres (4.6743 km2)
George Rogers Clark National Historical ParkIndiana26.17 acres (0.1059 km2)
Harriet Tubman National Historical ParkNew York31.50 acres (0.1275 km2)
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical ParkMaryland480.00 acres (1.9425 km2)
Harpers Ferry National Historical ParkWest Virginia, Virginia, Maryland3,656.22 acres (14.7962 km2)
Hopewell Culture National Historical ParkOhio1,770.19 acres (7.1637 km2)
Independence National Historical ParkPennsylvania44.87 acres (0.1816 km2)
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
  • Chalmette National Cemetery
Louisiana22,420.86 acres (90.7340 km2)
Kalaupapa National Historical ParkHawaii10,778.88 acres (43.6206 km2)
Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical ParkHawaii1,163.05 acres (4.7067 km2)
Keweenaw National Historical ParkMichigan1,870.00 acres (7.5676 km2)
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park (part of Klondike Gold Rush International Historical Park)Alaska, Washington12,996.49 acres (52.5949 km2)
Lewis and Clark National and State Historical ParksOregon, Washington3,410.15 acres (13.8004 km2)
Lowell National Historical ParkMassachusetts141.67 acres (0.5733 km2)
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical ParkTexas1,571.71 acres (6.3605 km2)
Manhattan Project National Historical ParkNew Mexico, Tennessee, Washington113.61 acres (0.4598 km2)
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical ParkVermont643.07 acres (2.6024 km2)
Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical ParkGeorgia38.70 acres (0.1566 km2)
Minute Man National Historical ParkMassachusetts1,027.76 acres (4.1592 km2)
Morristown National Historical ParkNew Jersey1,710.72 acres (6.9230 km2)
Natchez National Historical ParkMississippi108.30 acres (0.4383 km2)
New Bedford Whaling National Historical ParkMassachusetts34.00 acres (0.1376 km2)
New Orleans Jazz National Historical ParkLouisiana5.13 acres (0.0208 km2)
Nez Perce National Historical ParkIdaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington4,564.93 acres (18.4736 km2)
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical ParkTexas3,441.74 acres (13.9282 km2)
Paterson Great Falls National Historical ParkNew Jersey51.32 acres (0.2077 km2)
Pecos National Historical ParkNew Mexico6,693.49 acres (27.0876 km2)
Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical ParkHawaii419.80 acres (1.6989 km2)
Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical ParkCalifornia145.19 acres (0.5876 km2)
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological PreserveU.S. Virgin Islands989.42 acres (4.0040 km2)
San Antonio Missions National Historical ParkTexas947.77 acres (3.8355 km2)
San Francisco Maritime National Historical ParkCalifornia49.86 acres (0.2018 km2)
San Juan Island National Historical ParkWashington2,145.56 acres (8.6828 km2)
Saratoga National Historical ParkNew York3,579.14 acres (14.4843 km2)
Sitka National Historical ParkAlaska116.29 acres (0.4706 km2)
Thomas Edison National Historical ParkNew Jersey21.25 acres (0.0860 km2)
Tumacácori National Historical ParkArizona360.32 acres (1.4582 km2)
Valley Forge National Historical ParkPennsylvania3,467.70 acres (14.0333 km2)
War in the Pacific National Historical ParkGuam2,030.65 acres (8.2177 km2)
Women's Rights National Historical ParkNew York7.44 acres (0.0301 km2)

Authorized national historical parks

NameStatus
Coltsville National Historical ParkConnecticut (pending acquisition of property)
Ste. Genevieve National Historical ParkMissouri (pending acquisition of property)

National historic sites

Harry S Truman National Historic Site
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site
Castillo San Felipe del Morro at San Juan National Historic Site
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site

The National Park Service administers the national historic sites, with the exception of Grey Towers National Historic Site (managed by the U.S. Forest Service) and those that are managed as Affiliated Areas of the National Park System.

There are 88 national historic sites, of which 77 are NPS units and 11 are affiliated areas.

NameLocationArea (2017)
Aleutian World War II National Historic Area (affiliated area)Alaska
Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic SitePennsylvania1,284.27 acres (5.1973 km2)
Andersonville National Historic SiteGeorgia515.61 acres (2.0866 km2)
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site
  • Andrew Johnson National Cemetery
Tennessee16.68 acres (0.0675 km2)
Bent's Old Fort National Historic SiteColorado798.80 acres (3.2326 km2)
Boston African American National Historic SiteMassachusetts0.59 acres (0.0024 km2)
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic SiteKansas1.85 acres (0.0075 km2)
Carl Sandburg Home National Historic SiteNorth Carolina263.65 acres (1.0670 km2)
Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic SiteWashington, D.C.0.15 acres (0.00061 km2)
Charles Pinckney National Historic SiteSouth Carolina28.45 acres (0.1151 km2)
Chicago Portage National Historic Site (affiliated area)Illinois
Chimney Rock National Historic Site (affiliated area)Nebraska
Christiansted National Historic SiteU.S. Virgin Islands27.15 acres (0.1099 km2)
Clara Barton National Historic SiteMaryland8.59 acres (0.0348 km2)
Edgar Allan Poe National Historic SitePennsylvania0.52 acres (0.0021 km2)
Eisenhower National Historic SitePennsylvania690.46 acres (2.7942 km2)
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic SiteNew York180.50 acres (0.7305 km2)
Eugene O'Neill National Historic SiteCalifornia13.19 acres (0.0534 km2)
Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site (affiliated area)Ohio
First Ladies National Historic SiteOhio0.46 acres (0.0019 km2)
Ford's Theatre National Historic SiteWashington, D.C.0.30 acres (0.0012 km2)
Fort Bowie National Historic SiteArizona999.45 acres (4.0446 km2)
Fort Davis National Historic SiteTexas523.00 acres (2.1165 km2)
Fort Laramie National Historic SiteWyoming873.11 acres (3.5334 km2)
Fort Larned National Historic SiteKansas718.39 acres (2.9072 km2)
Fort Point National Historic SiteCalifornia29.00 acres (0.1174 km2)
Fort Raleigh National Historic SiteNorth Carolina512.93 acres (2.0758 km2)
Fort Scott National Historic SiteKansas16.69 acres (0.0675 km2)
Fort Smith National Historic SiteArkansas, Oklahoma75.00 acres (0.3035 km2)
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic SiteNorth Dakota440.14 acres (1.7812 km2)
Fort Vancouver National Historic SiteWashington, Oregon206.72 acres (0.8366 km2)
Frederick Douglass National Historic SiteWashington, D.C.8.57 acres (0.0347 km2)
Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic SiteMassachusetts7.21 acres (0.0292 km2)
Friendship Hill National Historic SitePennsylvania674.56 acres (2.7298 km2)
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site (affiliated area)Pennsylvania
Golden Spike National Historic SiteUtah2,735.28 acres (11.0693 km2)
Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic SiteMontana1,618.43 acres (6.5496 km2)
Hampton National Historic SiteMaryland62.04 acres (0.2511 km2)
Harry S Truman National Historic SiteMissouri12.59 acres (0.0509 km2)
Herbert Hoover National Historic SiteIowa186.80 acres (0.7560 km2)
Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site (affiliated area)South Carolina
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic SiteNew York833.43 acres (3.3728 km2)
Hopewell Furnace National Historic SitePennsylvania848.06 acres (3.4320 km2)
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic SiteArizona160.09 acres (0.6479 km2)
James A. Garfield National Historic SiteOhio7.82 acres (0.0316 km2)
Jamestown National Historic Site (affiliated area)Virginia
Jimmy Carter National Historic SiteGeorgia72.21 acres (0.2922 km2)
John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic SiteMassachusetts0.09 acres (0.00036 km2)
John Muir National Historic SiteCalifornia344.14 acres (1.3927 km2)
Kate Mullany National Historic Site (affiliated area)New York
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic SiteNorth Dakota1,748.80 acres (7.0771 km2)
Lincoln Home National Historic SiteIllinois12.24 acres (0.0495 km2)
Little Rock Central High School National Historic SiteArkansas27.28 acres (0.1104 km2)
Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic SiteMassachusetts1.98 acres (0.0080 km2)
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site (affiliated area)New York
Maggie L. Walker National Historic SiteVirginia1.29 acres (0.0052 km2)
Manzanar National Historic SiteCalifornia813.81 acres (3.2934 km2)
Martin Van Buren National Historic SiteNew York284.93 acres (1.1531 km2)
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic SiteWashington, D.C.0.07 acres (0.00028 km2)
Minidoka National Historic SiteIdaho396.30 acres (1.6038 km2)
Minuteman Missile National Historic SiteSouth Dakota43.80 acres (0.1773 km2)
Nicodemus National Historic SiteKansas17.52 acres (0.0709 km2)
Ninety Six National Historic SiteSouth Carolina1,021.94 acres (4.1356 km2)
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic SiteWashington, D.C.17.61 acres (0.0713 km2)
President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic SiteArkansas0.68 acres (0.0028 km2)
Puʻukoholā Heiau National Historic SiteHawaii86.24 acres (0.3490 km2)
Sagamore Hill National Historic SiteNew York83.02 acres (0.3360 km2)
Saint Paul's Church National Historic SiteNew York6.13 acres (0.0248 km2)
Saint-Gaudens National Historic SiteNew Hampshire190.75 acres (0.7719 km2)
Salem Maritime National Historic SiteMassachusetts9.02 acres (0.0365 km2)
San Juan National Historic SitePuerto Rico75.13 acres (0.3040 km2)
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic SiteColorado12,583.34 acres (50.9230 km2)
Saugus Iron Works National Historic SiteMassachusetts8.51 acres (0.0344 km2)
Springfield Armory National Historic SiteMassachusetts54.93 acres (0.2223 km2)
Steamtown National Historic SitePennsylvania62.43 acres (0.2526 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic SiteNew York0.11 acres (0.00045 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic SiteNew York1.18 acres (0.0048 km2)
Thomas Cole National Historic Site (affiliated area)New York
Thomas Stone National Historic SiteMaryland328.25 acres (1.3284 km2)
Touro Synagogue National Historic Site (affiliated area)Rhode Island
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic SiteAlabama89.68 acres (0.3629 km2)
Tuskegee Institute National Historic SiteAlabama57.92 acres (0.2344 km2)
Ulysses S. Grant National Historic SiteMissouri9.60 acres (0.0388 km2)
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic SiteNew York211.65 acres (0.8565 km2)
Washita Battlefield National Historic SiteOklahoma315.20 acres (1.2756 km2)
Weir Farm National Historic SiteConnecticut74.20 acres (0.3003 km2)
Whitman Mission National Historic SiteWashington138.53 acres (0.5606 km2)
William Howard Taft National Historic SiteOhio3.64 acres (0.0147 km2)

Disbanded national historic sites

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Atlanta Campaign National Historic SiteOctober 13, 1944September 21, 1950Transferred to state of Georgia; park never developed beyond a set of six roadside interpretive markers along the Dixie Highway
Mar-a-Lago National Historic SiteOctober 21, 1972December 23, 1980Returned to a nonprofit foundation operated by the Post family, the original owners of the site
McLoughlin House National Historic SiteJune 27, 1941July 29, 2003Merged into Fort Vancouver National Historic Site
St. Thomas National Historic SiteDecember 24, 1960February 5, 1975Transferred to U.S. Virgin Islands; currently operated as a Virgin Islands territorial park
Sewall-Belmont House National Historic SiteApril 12, 2016Redesignated Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument and changed from affiliated unit to an NPS unit
Edison Home National Historic SiteDecember 6, 1955September 5, 1962Combined with Edison Laboratory National Monument into Edison National Historic Site, later redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park
Edison National Historic SiteSeptember 5, 1962March 30, 2009Redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park

Authorized national historic sites

NameStatus
Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home National Historic SitePending acquisition of property

International historic site

Name[1]Location
Saint Croix Island International Historic SiteMaine/New Brunswick

National battlefield parks

Malvern Hill, Richmond National Battlefield Park, Virginia
Name[1]Location
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield ParkGeorgia
Manassas National Battlefield ParkVirginia
Richmond National Battlefield ParkVirginia
River Raisin National Battlefield ParkMichigan

National military parks

Name[1]Location
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military ParkGeorgia, Tennessee
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park
  • Fredericksburg National Cemetery
Virginia
Gettysburg National Military Park
  • Gettysburg National Cemetery
Pennsylvania
Guilford Courthouse National Military ParkNorth Carolina
Horseshoe Bend National Military ParkAlabama
Kings Mountain National Military ParkSouth Carolina
Pea Ridge National Military ParkArkansas
Shiloh National Military Park
  • Shiloh National Cemetery
Tennessee, Mississippi
Vicksburg National Military Park
  • Vicksburg National Cemetery
Mississippi, Louisiana

Disbanded national military parks

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Moore's Creek National Military ParkJune 2, 1926September 8, 1980Redesignated as Moores Creek National Battlefield
Monocacy National Military ParkJune 21, 1934October 21, 1976Redesignated Monocacy National Battlefield; previously Monocacy National Battlefield Site (1929 to 1934)

National battlefields

Fort Donelson National Battlefield
Name[1]Location
Antietam National BattlefieldMaryland
Big Hole National BattlefieldMontana
Cowpens National BattlefieldSouth Carolina
Fort Donelson National Battlefield
  • Fort Donelson National Cemetery
Tennessee, Kentucky
Fort Necessity National BattlefieldPennsylvania
Monocacy National BattlefieldMaryland
Moores Creek National BattlefieldNorth Carolina
Petersburg National Battlefield
  • Poplar Grove National Cemetery
Virginia
Stones River National Battlefield
  • Stones River National Cemetery
Tennessee
Tupelo National BattlefieldMississippi
Wilson's Creek National BattlefieldMissouri

National battlefield site

Name[1]Location
Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield SiteMississippi

Disbanded national battlefield sites

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Antietam National Battlefield SiteAugust 30, 18901978Redesignated Antietam National Battlefield
New Orleans Battlefield Site (Chalmette Monument and Grounds)March 4, 19071939Redesignated Chalmette National Historical Park; incorporated into Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Nov. 10, 1978
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield SiteFebruary 8, 19171935Redesignated Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
White Plains National Battlefield SiteMay 18, 19261956Assumed by Battle of White Plains Monument Committee, 1958
Tupelo National Battlefield SiteFebruary 21, 19291961Redesignated Tupelo National Battlefield
Monocacy National Battlefield SiteMarch 1, 1929June 21, 1934Reauthorized as a national military park; redesignated Monocacy National Battlefield, Oct. 21, 1976
Cowpens National Battlefield SiteMarch 4, 19291972Redesignated Cowpens National Battlefield
Appomattox Battlefield SiteJune 18, 19301935Designated Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument; redesignated Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, 1954
Fort Necessity National Battlefield SiteMarch 4, 19311961Redesignated Fort Necessity National Battlefield

National memorials

Benjamin Franklin National Memorial
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial

There are 29 national memorials that are NPS units and five affiliated national memorials.[1]

NameLocationArea[2]
American Memorial Park (affiliated area)Northern Mariana Islands
Arkansas Post National MemorialArkansas757.51 acres (3.0655 km2)
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee MemorialVirginia28.08 acres (0.1136 km2)
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial (affiliated area)Pennsylvania
Chamizal National MemorialTexas54.90 acres (0.2222 km2)
Coronado National MemorialArizona4,830.22 acres (19.5472 km2)
De Soto National MemorialFlorida30 acres (0.12 km2)
Father Marquette National Memorial (affiliated area)Michigan
Federal Hall National MemorialNew York0.45 acres (0.0018 km2)
Flight 93 National MemorialPennsylvania2,319.96 acres (9.3885 km2)
Fort Caroline National MemorialFlorida138.39 acres (0.5600 km2)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt MemorialWashington, D.C.8.14 acres (0.0329 km2)
General Grant National MemorialNew York.76 acres (0.0031 km2)
Hamilton Grange National MemorialNew York1.04 acres (0.0042 km2)
Johnstown Flood National MemorialPennsylvania177.76 acres (0.7194 km2)
Korean War Veterans MemorialWashington, D.C.1.56 acres (0.0063 km2)
Lincoln Boyhood National MemorialIndiana199.65 acres (0.8080 km2)
Lincoln MemorialWashington, D.C.7.29 acres (0.0295 km2)
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the PotomacWashington, D.C.17 acres (0.069 km2)
Martin Luther King, Jr. MemorialWashington, D.C.2.74 acres (0.0111 km2)
Mount Rushmore National MemorialSouth Dakota1,278.45 acres (5.1737 km2)
Oklahoma City National Memorial (affiliated area)Oklahoma
Perry's Victory and International Peace MemorialOhio25.38 acres (0.1027 km2)
Port Chicago Naval Magazine National MemorialCalifornia5.00 acres (0.0202 km2)
Red Hill Patrick Henry National Memorial (affiliated area)Virginia
Roger Williams National MemorialRhode Island4.56 acres (0.0185 km2)
Thaddeus Kosciuszko National MemorialPennsylvania.02 acres (8.1×10−5 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Island National MemorialWashington, D.C.88.5 acres (0.358 km2)
Thomas Jefferson MemorialWashington, D.C.18.36 acres (0.0743 km2)
Vietnam Veterans MemorialWashington, D.C.2.18 acres (0.0088 km2)
Washington MonumentWashington, D.C.106.01 acres (0.4290 km2)
World War I MemorialWashington, D.C.1.76 acres (0.0071 km2)
World War II MemorialWashington, D.C.8.25 acres (0.0334 km2)
Wright Brothers National MemorialNorth Carolina428.44 acres (1.7338 km2)

Disbanded national memorials

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Camp Blount Tablets National Memorial19301944Transferred to NPS in 1933 from War Dept., it was never developed; only a stone marker remains off U.S. Route 231 near Fayetteville, Tennessee
Fort Clatsop National MemorialMay 29, 1958October 30, 2004Incorporated into Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks
Jefferson National Expansion MemorialDecember 21, 1935February 22, 2018Redesignated as Gateway Arch National Park
New Echota Marker National MemorialAugust 10, 1933September 21, 1950Transferred to state of Georgia; currently operated as a Georgia state park.
Oklahoma City National MemorialOctober 9, 1997January 23, 2004Transferred to the nonprofit Oklahoma City National Memorial Foundation; NPS interpretation continues at this affiliated unit

Authorized national memorials

NameLaw
Adams MemorialAuthorized by Public Law 107-62
Dwight D. Eisenhower MemorialAuthorized by Public Law 107-117
National Desert Storm/Desert Shield MemorialAuthorized by National Defense Authorization Act 2015[11]

National recreation areas

Lake Mead National Recreation Area
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area

There are 18 national recreation areas administered by the National Park Service.[1]

NameLocation
Amistad National Recreation AreaTexas
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation AreaMontana, Wyoming
Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation AreaMassachusetts
Chattahoochee River National Recreation AreaGeorgia
Chickasaw National Recreation AreaOklahoma
Curecanti National Recreation AreaColorado
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area
  • Middle Delaware National Scenic River
New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Gateway National Recreation AreaNew York, New Jersey
Gauley River National Recreation AreaWest Virginia
Glen Canyon National Recreation AreaUtah, Arizona
Golden Gate National Recreation AreaCalifornia
Lake Chelan National Recreation AreaWashington
Lake Mead National Recreation Area
  • Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument
Nevada, Arizona
Lake Meredith National Recreation AreaTexas
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation AreaWashington
Ross Lake National Recreation AreaWashington
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation AreaCalifornia
Whiskeytown National Recreation AreaCalifornia

Disestablished or transferred national recreation areas

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation AreaDecember 27, 1974October 11, 2000Redesignated as Cuyahoga Valley National Park
Shasta Lake Recreation AreaMay 22, 1945July 1, 1948Transferred to U.S. Forest Service
Lake Texoma Recreation AreaApril 18, 1946June 30, 1949Returned to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Millerton Lake Recreation AreaMay 22, 1945November 1, 1957Transferred to state of California; currently operated by the California Department of Water Resources
Flaming Gorge National Recreation AreaJuly 22, 1963October 1, 1968Transferred to U.S. Forest Service
Shadow Mountain National Recreation AreaJune 27, 1952March 1, 1979Transferred to U.S. Forest Service

National seashores

Wild horses on Assateague Island National Seashore

There are 10 national seashores.[1]

NameLocation
Assateague Island National SeashoreMaryland, Virginia
Canaveral National SeashoreFlorida
Cape Cod National SeashoreMassachusetts
Cape Hatteras National SeashoreNorth Carolina
Cape Lookout National SeashoreNorth Carolina
Cumberland Island National SeashoreGeorgia
Fire Island National SeashoreNew York
Gulf Islands National SeashoreFlorida, Mississippi
Padre Island National SeashoreTexas
Point Reyes National SeashoreCalifornia

National lakeshores

Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore

There are four national lakeshores, located in Michigan, Indiana, and Wisconsin.[1]

NameLocation
Apostle Islands National LakeshoreWisconsin
Indiana Dunes National LakeshoreIndiana
Pictured Rocks National LakeshoreMichigan
Sleeping Bear Dunes National LakeshoreMichigan

National rivers and national wild and scenic rivers

The Buffalo National River, the first National River established in the United States

There are five national rivers (marked with an asterisk) and ten national wild and scenic rivers administered as distinct units of the National Park System.[1]

NameLocation
Alagnak Wild and Scenic RiverAlaska
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area*Kentucky, Tennessee
Bluestone National Scenic RiverWest Virginia
Buffalo National River*Arkansas
Great Egg Harbor National Scenic and Recreational RiverNew Jersey
Middle Delaware National Scenic RiverNew Jersey, Pennsylvania
Mississippi National River and Recreation Area*Minnesota
Missouri National Recreational RiverNebraska, South Dakota
New River Gorge National River*West Virginia
Niobrara National Scenic RiverNebraska
Obed Wild and Scenic RiverTennessee
Ozark National Scenic Riverways*Missouri
Rio Grande Wild and Scenic RiverTexas
Saint Croix National Scenic RiverwayWisconsin, Minnesota
Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational RiverNew York, Pennsylvania

National reserves

City of Rocks National Reserve, Idaho, USA
Name[1]Location
City of Rocks National ReserveIdaho
Ebey's Landing National Historical ReserveWashington
New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve (affiliated area)New Jersey

National parkways

Blue Ridge Parkway, Virginia and North Carolina
Name[1]Location
Baltimore-Washington Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East)Maryland, Washington, D.C.
Blue Ridge ParkwayVirginia, North Carolina
Colonial Parkway (part of Colonial National Historical Park)Virginia
Foothills Parkway (part of Great Smoky Mountains National Park)Tennessee
George Washington Memorial Parkway (In 1989, the Maryland and DC portions of the parkway were renamed Clara Barton Parkway to overcome motorist confusion).
  • Claude Moore Colonial Farm
  • Glen Echo Park
  • Great Falls Park
  • Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial
Virginia, Maryland, Washington, D.C.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial ParkwayWyoming
Natchez Trace ParkwayMississippi, Alabama, Tennessee
Oxon Run Parkway (affiliated area)Washington, D.C.
Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway (part of Rock Creek Park)Washington, D.C.
Suitland Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East)Maryland

National historic and scenic trails

These National Park Service trails are part of the larger National Trails System. Only three of the trails are considered official units of the park system.[1]

NameLocation
Ala Kahakai National Historic TrailHawaii
Appalachian Trail (one of the 418 official units)Maine - Georgia
California National Historic TrailMissouri - California
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic TrailDelaware - District of Columbia - Maryland - Virginia
El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic TrailLouisiana - Texas
El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic TrailNew Mexico
Ice Age National Scenic TrailWisconsin
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic TrailArizona - California
Lewis and Clark National Historic TrailIllinois - Oregon
Mormon Pioneer National Historic TrailIllinois - Utah
Natchez Trace Trail (one of the 418 official units)Mississippi - Tennessee
New England National Scenic TrailConnecticut - Massachusetts
North Country National Scenic TrailNew York - North Dakota
Old Spanish National Historic TrailNew Mexico - California
Oregon National Historic TrailMissouri - Oregon
Overmountain Victory National Historic TrailVirginia - Tennessee - North Carolina - South Carolina
Pony Express National Historic TrailMissouri - California
Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail (one of the 418 official units)Virginia - Maryland - Pennsylvania - Washington, D.C.
Santa Fe National Historic TrailMissouri - New Mexico
Selma to Montgomery National Historic TrailAlabama
Star-Spangled Banner National Historic TrailDistrict of Columbia - Maryland - Virginia
Trail of Tears National Historic TrailTennessee - Oklahoma
Washington-Rochambeau National Historic TrailMassachusetts - Virginia

National cemeteries

Gettysburg National Cemetery

Most national cemeteries are administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs, although a few are managed by the National Park Service and the U.S. Army. None of the cemeteries are considered official units of the system; they are all affiliated with other parks.

NameLocation
Andersonville National CemeteryGeorgia
Andrew Johnson National CemeteryTennessee
Antietam National CemeteryMaryland
Battleground National CemeteryWashington, D.C.
Chalmette National CemeteryLouisiana
Custer National CemeteryMontana
Fort Donelson National CemeteryTennessee
Fredericksburg National CemeteryVirginia
Gettysburg National CemeteryPennsylvania
Poplar Grove National CemeteryVirginia
Shiloh National CemeteryTennessee
Stones River National CemeteryTennessee
Vicksburg National CemeteryMississippi
Yorktown National CemeteryVirginia

Transferred national cemeteries

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Chattanooga National CemeteryAugust 10, 1933December 7, 1944returned to War Department

National heritage areas

The National Park Service provides limited assistance to national heritage areas, but does not administer them.

Other NPS protected areas and administrative groups

Acadian Landing Site at Maine Acadian Culture (affiliated area)

There are 11 NPS units of other designations, as well as other affiliated areas. The National Mall and national capital parks have many sites, some of which are also units of other designations and some are also national historic sites.

NameLocation
Catoctin Mountain ParkMaryland
Ice Age National Scientific Reserve (affiliated area)Wisconsin
International Peace Garden (affiliated area)North Dakota/Manitoba
Inupiat Heritage Center (affiliated area)Alaska
Maine Acadian Culture (affiliated area)Maine
National Capital Parks (official unit of other designation)Washington, D.C./Maryland
Prince William Forest ParkVirginia
Roosevelt Campobello International Park (affiliated area)New Brunswick, Canada
Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience (affiliated area)[12]Washington
Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing ArtsVirginia

There are also various administrative groups of listed parks, such as Manhattan Sites, National Parks of New York Harbor, and Western Arctic National Parklands. The NPS also owns conservation easements (but not the land itself) for part of the area called the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District.

Disbanded other areas

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument19351954Redesignated Appomattox Court House National Historical Park; previously Appomattox National Battlefield Site (1930-1935)
Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing ArtsOctober 15, 1966August 21, 2002Redesignated Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts
National Visitor Center, Washington, D.C.March 12, 1968December 29, 1981Transferred to Department of Transportation
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing ArtsJune 16, 1972July 21, 1994Transferred to Kennedy Center Trustees
New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route (affiliated area)1988September 30, 2011Multiple site agencies continue managing the route without NPS partnership[13]

In the 1930s and 1940s, the NPS developed dozens of recreational demonstration areas, most of which eventually became national or state parks.

See also

  • List of the United States National Park System official units (the 418)
  • List of all national parks of the world
  • List of U.S. state parks
  • National Park Passport Stamps
  • List of National Natural Landmarks
  • List of tourist attractions worldwide
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