1948 Republican National Convention

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1948 Republican National Convention
1948 presidential election
RP1948.png RV1948.png
Nominees
Dewey and Warren
Convention
Date(s)June 21–25, 1948
CityPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania
VenueConvention Hall
Candidates
Presidential nomineeThomas E. Dewey of New York
Vice Presidential nomineeEarl Warren of California
‹ 1944  ·  1952 ›

The 1948 Republican National Convention was held at the Municipal Auditorium, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from June 21 to 25, 1948.

New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey had paved the way to win the Republican presidential nomination in the primary elections, where he had beaten former Minnesota Governor Harold E. Stassen and World War II General Douglas MacArthur. In Philadelphia he was nominated on the third ballot over the opposition from die-hard conservative Ohio Senator Robert A. Taft, the future "minister of peace" Stassen, Michigan Senator Arthur Vandenberg, and California Governor Earl Warren. In all Republican conventions since 1948, the nominee has been selected on the first ballot.[needs update?] Warren was nominated for Vice President. The Republican ticket of Dewey and Warren surprisingly went on to lose the general election to the Democratic ticket of Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley. One of the decisive factors in convening both major party conventions in Philadelphia that year was that Philadelphia was hooked up to the coaxial cable, giving the ability for two of the three then young television networks, NBC and CBS, to telecast for the first time live gavel to gavel coverage along the east coast. Only a few minutes of kinescope film have survived of these historic, live television broadcasts.[1]

Platform

The party platform formally adopted at the convention included the following points:

  • Reduction of the public debt
  • Reduction of the inheritance tax
  • Labor reform
  • Promotion of small business through reduction of governmental intervention and regulation.
  • Elimination of unnecessary federal bureaus, and duplication of functions of necessary governmental agencies.
  • Federal aid to states for slum clearance and low-cost housing
  • Extension of Social Security benefits
  • A federal anti-lynching law
  • Federal civil rights legislation. Texas delegate Orville Bullington led a successful protest demanding southern representation on the platform panel considering the civil rights proposals.
  • Abolition of the poll tax
  • A crackdown on domestic Communism
  • Recognition of the state of Israel
  • International arms control "on basis of reliable disciplines against bad faith".
  • The admissions of Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico as states to the union.[2]

Candidates before the convention

Balloting

1948 Republican National Convention

← 1944June 21–25, 19481952 →
 Thomas E. Dewey.jpgRobertATaft.jpgHarold Stassen.jpg
CandidateThomas DeweyRobert A. TaftHarold Stassen
Round 31094.0
100%
withdrawnwithdrawn
Round 2515.0
47.04%
274.0
25.04%
149.0
13.62%
Round 1434.0
39.67%
224.0
20.48%
157.0
14.35%
Other candidates

 Arthur H. Vandenberg.jpgEarl Warren Portrait, half figure, seated, facing front, as Governor.jpgRepublican Disc.svg
CandidateArthur VandenburgEarl WarrenOthers
Round 3withdrawnwithdrawnwithdrawn
Round 262.0
5.67%
59.0
7.55%
37.0
3.38%
Round 162.0
5.67%
57.0
5.21%
156.0
14.26%

Nominee before election

Thomas Dewey

Nominated

Thomas Dewey

The tally:
Ballot123
NY Governor Thomas E. Dewey4345151094
OH Senator Robert A. Taft2242740
Frm. MN Governor Harold Stassen1571490
MI Senator and President pro tem Arthur Vandenberg62620
CA Governor Earl Warren59570
House Speaker Joseph Martin18100
General Douglas MacArthur1170
Others127200

Vice-presidential nomination

Dewey had a long list of potential running-mates, including the option of reselecting his 1944 running mate Senator John Bricker of Ohio or choosing someone else in Representative Charles Halleck of Indiana, and former Governor Harold Stassen of Minnesota. Dewey however, chose two-term California Governor Earl Warren as his running-mate; Warren was nominated unopposed.

See also

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.